When trading partners complete all of their business transactions electronically, their internal systems need to understand each other for accurate processing. With mass amounts of data flowing in and out of most organizations daily, these exchanges are much easier when all that data is structured in the same, commonly understood format. This holds true for electronic transactions between both business-to-business (B2B) and business-to-government (B2G) organizations, and that’s why EDI standards have been introduced—to simplify business operations and processes.
There are a few major EDI standards used in various parts of the world, and the American National Standard’s Institute’s X12 is one of them. So basically, if you’re exchanging invoices and other business documents electronically in North America, ANSI’s X12 is on your radar.
For your convenience, here’s a list of all X12 EDI Transaction Sets from 601-650, with definitions sourced directly from the official X12 dictionary:
EDI X12 601 – Customs Export Shipment Information
The EDI 601 Customs Export Shipment Information Transaction Set can be used by exporters or their agents, carriers, and service providers to transmit export shipment information to Customs agencies.
EDI X12 603 – Transportation Equipment Registration
The EDI 603 Transportation Equipment Registration Transaction Set can be used between transportation equipment owners or controllers and transportation services providers or other interested parties to provide a fleet listing of owned/controlled equipment and their physical attributes such as length, width, and height.
EDI X12 620 – Excavation Communication
The EDI 620 Excavation Communication Transaction Set can be used to communicate information related to excavations for the purposes of attaining either clearance for the excavation or to have the potentially impacted parties locate any affected assets and supervise the excavation process or both.
EDI X12 625 – Well Information
The EDI 625 Well Information Transaction Set facilitates the exchange of engineering, geological and environmental information related to non-financial well activities. The transaction set can be used between private industry trading partners to relay information about joint venture well activities or between private industry and government agencies.
The EDI 625 transaction set shall not be used to relay financial information such as regulatory royalty payment information or costs associated with well activities.
EDI X12 650 – Maintenance Service Order
The EDI 650 Maintenance Service Order Transaction Set provides a uniform, singular medium for the exchange of maintenance related information among organizations involved in the reporting, requesting, scheduling, planning, estimating, coordinating and performing of maintenance actions. It provides the structure to convey maintenance-related information, including maintenance action directives, maintenance actions, cost estimates, maintenance action assignments, maintenance action status, and completion reports. This transaction set can be used in a bi-directional environment alone or in conjunction with the Project Schedule Reporting Transaction Set (806) to link schedule and maintenance action information as well as with the Specifications/Technical Information Transaction Set (841) to link maintenance-related, media independent, technical data.